The Russian Civil War: The Green Phase
The Russian Civil War: The Bolsheviks against the Green Movement, Anarchists, and Japanese intervention (1 February 1921)
Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union
On November 15, 1920, the remaining White forces in the west evacuated the Crimea. This marked a new phase in the Civil War as the alliance between the Bolsheviks and the other left wing parties collapsed. Many peasants, sailors, anarchists, and Social Revolutionaries now rose up against Communist oppression.
Antonov's revolt against Soviet Russia in the Tambov region begins
Overthrow of the Emirate of Bukhara
Red Army troops from Soviet Russia, led by Mikhail Frunze, attack Bukhara, capital of the Emirate of Bukhara, with the support of Young Bukharan activists. On 31 August, Emir Alim Khan flees to Dushanbe in eastern Bukhara, where a rival Emirate is set up. The Emir's citadel in Bukhara falls to the Red Army two days later, leading to the proclamation of the Bukharan People's Soviet Republic the following month.
White Russian leader Wrangel flees Crimea
Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic
The Soviet Eleventh Army invades Armenia, declaring the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic. The Armenian government, currently negotiating peace with Turkey, falls 5 days later when the Red Army reaches Yerevan.