End of the Great War

The Russian Civil War: The White Phase

Russia 1918.1101

End of the Great War

The Russian Civil War: The Bolsheviks against the White Movement (1 November 1918)

Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union

While the Allies were intervening in Russia, they were also mounting offensives in the west against the weakening Central Powers. By the end of October, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire had come to terms, while the Austro-Hungarian Empire was rapidly disintegrating. On November 11, Germany signed an armistice with the Alllies, bringing an end to the First World War.

Main Events

Mongolia asks for Chinese military support

Provisional All-Russian Government declared in Ufa

Armistice of Mudros

The Ottoman Minister of Marine Affairs Rauf Bey and the British Admiral Somerset Arthur Gough-Calthorpe sign the Armistice of Mudros aboard the HMS Agamemnon in Mudros harbor on the Greek island of Lemnos. The armistice ends hostilities between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies as of noon the next day (31 October). Its conditions require the Ottomans demobilize their armed forces and withdraw to Anatolia - including abandoning their gains in the Caucasus, and allow the Allies to occupy the Turkish Straits and any territories in disorder.

Armistice of Compiègne

At 5am Paris time, Germany signs an armistice with the Allies in railway carriage No. 2419 D at Compiègne, France, to end its involvement in World War I. The armistice goes into effect at 11am and, although not a formal surrender, demands that the Germans withdraw their troops to behind their own borders, renounce the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, release all prisoners, promise to pay reparations, and surrender their fleet and materials.

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