Political map of North America & the Caribbean on 01 Jan 1959 (American Superpower: Cuban Revolution), showing the following events: RDS-1; People's Republic of China; Korean War; Batista seizes power in Cuba; Civil Rights Movement; Castro arrives in Cuba on Granma; Soviets launch Sputnik, the first artificial satellite to be put in orbit; West Indies Federation formed; Batista's offensive against Castro; Cuban Revolution overthrows Batista.

Cuban Revolution

American Superpower

North America 1959.0101

Cuban Revolution

America in World War II, the Cold War and today (1 January 1959)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

In 1952, Colonel Fulgencio Batista seized power in Cuba, ending elections and aligning with wealthy landowners and foreign investors. Batista's corrupt regime provoked numerous revolts across the country, the most successful being under Fidel Castro in the south. Despite having relatively few followers, Castro held out against the demoralized Cuban army, ultimately forcing Batista to resign and flee the capital.

Main Events


In its first nuclear weapon test, the Soviet Union detonated RDS-1 - code-named Joe-1 by the United States - on 29 August 1949 at 7:00 am at Semipalatinsk, Kazakh SSR. Radioactive fission products from the test were detected by the US Air Force, prompting US President Truman to notify the world of the situation the following month. The test surprised the Western powers, who had estimated that the Soviets would not be able to build an atomic bomb until 1953-1954.

People's Republic of China

Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in Beijing. Beijing, formally Beiping, was declared the capital of the new republic. The Soviet Union recognized the PRC the next day, with most of the other Communist countries following suit that month. However it was not until 1971 that the United Nations would recognize the PRC as the representative of China.

Korean War

North Korea invades South Korea, triggering a United States-led United Nations intervention to support the South Koreans. A UN counteroffensive pushes the North Koreans north to their border with the People's Republic of China, which prompts the Chinese to enter the war in October 1950. After an initial UN reversal, the war settles into a two year stalemate which is ended with an armistice in July 1953.

Batista seizes power in Cuba

Civil Rights Movement

African-American Civil Rights Movement ends racial segregation and legal discrimination against black Americans in the United States

Castro arrives in Cuba on Granma

26th of July Movement followers led by Fidel Castro arrive in Playa Los Colorados, in Niquero, Cuba, aboard the yacht Granma before making their way to the Sierra Maestra

Soviets launch Sputnik, the first artificial satellite to be put in orbit

West Indies Federation formed

West Indies Federation formed to unite British Caribbean colonies of Barbados, Jamaica, Trinidad, the Leeward Islands except the Virgin Islands, and the Windward Islands

Batista's offensive against Castro

Batista's Cuban government mounts Operation Verano against Fidel Castro's revolutionary army in the Sierra Maestra, but fails due to a collapse of morale

Cuban Revolution overthrows Batista

Fidel Castro's revolutionary forces mount offensive against Batista's Cuban government, forcing Batista to flee the country and capturing Havana

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