Political map of North America & the Caribbean on 11 Aug 1898 (American Empire: Spanish-American War), showing the following events: Utah becomes US state; Greater Central America; Isla de la Pasión; Sinking of USS Maine; US blockades Cuba; Battle of Manila Bay; Battle of Guantanamo Bay; US lands in Puerto Rico.

Spanish-American War

American Empire

North America 1898.0811

Spanish-American War

The Spanish-American War, the Banana Wars, the Mexican Revolution, World War I and the Great Depression (11 August 1898)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

By 1898, the long-running Cuban war for independence was aggravating US-Spanish relations. In February, the USS Maine sunk in an unexplained explosion in Havana Harbor, leading to war. American forces swiftly defeated the Spanish at sea and in Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines, putting an end to Spain's 400 year old colonial empire.

Main Events

Utah becomes US state

The Utah Territory was admitted to the US as the state of Utah.

Greater Central America

After signing the Treaty of the Union in July 1895, Honduras, Nicaragua, and El Salvador united as the Greater Republic of Central America. Provisional federal authority was constituted at a meeting in San Salvador and the republic was renamed the United States of Central America on 1 November 1898. However, on 14 November, General Tomás Regalado seized power in El Salvador and the Federation was dissolved at the end of the month.

Isla de la Pasión

Mexico reasserted its claim to Clipperton Island (Isla Clipperton or Isla de la Pasión), sending the gunboat La Democrata to occupy and annex the uninhabited territory from France. The United States took control of the island during the Spanish-American War of 1898 and it was only in 1906 that Mexico was able to establish a guano mining colony with the support of the British Pacific Islands Company.

Sinking of USS Maine

The USS Maine, a US Navy armored cruiser, exploded and sank in Havana Harbor, Cuba. The United States blamed the explosion on Spanish sabotage, but was most likely the result of mechanical failure.

US blockades Cuba

The United States began a blockade of Cuba while Spain severed relations with the US, effectively beginning Spanish-American War.

Battle of Manila Bay

The United States Asiatic Squadron, under Commodore George Dewey and sailing from Hong Kong with orders to eliminate the Spanish Pacific Squadron, entered Manila Bay in the Spanish Philippines under cover of darkness on the night of 30 April 1898. At dawn, it located the unprepared Spanish fleet anchored off the Cavite naval station, opening fire at 5:40am. The Americans sunk all seven enemy cruisers, suffering only one damaged cruiser in return, ending Spanish naval power in the Pacific.

Battle of Guantanamo Bay

United States forces landed at Guantanamo Bay, starting the US invasion of Cuba.

US lands in Puerto Rico

United States forces landed at Guanica, beginning the Puerto Rican campaign.

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