Political map of North America & the Caribbean on 11 Aug 1898 (American Empire: Spanish-American War), showing the following events: Utah becomes US state; Greater Republic of Central America; Mexico annexes Clipperton Island; Sinking of USS Maine; US blockades Cuba; Battle of Manila Bay; US lands in Cuba; US lands in Puerto Rico.

Spanish-American War

American Empire

North America 1898.0811

Spanish-American War

The Spanish-American War, the Banana Wars, the Mexican Revolution, World War I and the Great Depression (11 August 1898)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

By 1898, the long-running Cuban war for independence was aggravating US-Spanish relations. In February, the USS Maine sunk in an unexplained explosion in Havana Harbor, leading to war. American forces swiftly defeated the Spanish at sea and in Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines, putting an end to Spain's 400 year old colonial empire.

Main Events

Utah becomes US state

Utah Territory admitted to the US as state of Utah

Greater Republic of Central America

Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador briefly unite as Greater Republic of Central America

Mexico annexes Clipperton Island

Mexico reasserts its claim to Clipperton Island, sending the gunboat La Democrata to occupy and annex it

Sinking of USS Maine

USS Maine, a US Navy armored cruiser, explodes and sinks in Havana Harbor, Cuba

US blockades Cuba

United States begins a blockade of Cuba while Spain severs relations with the US, effectively beginning Spanish-American War

Battle of Manila Bay

The United States Asiatic Squadron, under Commodore George Dewey and sailing from Hong Kong with orders to eliminate the Spanish Pacific Squadron, entered Manila Bay in the Spanish Philippines under cover of darkness on the night of 30 April 1898. At dawn, it located the unprepared Spanish fleet anchored off the Cavite naval station, opening fire at 5:40am. The Americans sunk all seven enemy cruisers, suffering only one damaged cruiser in return, ending Spanish naval power in the Pacific.

US lands in Cuba

United States forces land at Guantanamo Bay, starting the US invasion of Cuba

US lands in Puerto Rico

United States forces land at Guanica, beginning Puerto Rican campaign

About this map