Warlords and Revolutionaries
East Asia 1924.1023
The Warlord Era in China, the Russian Revolution and the Siberian Intervention (23 October 1924)
Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific
By 1924, the Zhili clique seemed poised to reunify China under its rule. However it was not to be. In a surprise move in October, the warlord Feng Yuxiang took advantage of the Second Zhili-Fengtian War to betray his Zhili leaders and seize control of the government in Beijing, breaking Zhili power for good.
From the Zhili-Anhui War (1920) to the Nationalist recapture of Beijing (1928), control over China fluctuated as various warlords fought for power. The foreign powers handled this situation by regarding whichever warlords controlled Beijing as the legitimate government of China, even though these warlords often had no influence outside the city.
To depict this situation, this atlas shows the recognized government of China as warlord-controlled rather than as an independent entity, with its size changing depending on how much authority the government had outside of Beijing. However the actual recognized borders of China itself did not change during this period.