Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 30 January 1933 (Hitler Gains Power): The Great Depression (Great Depression) that started in 1929, resulted in massive world-wide unemployment. Germany was especially hard hit, with 6 million out of work. Hitler (Adolf Hitler) exploited this situation to make his Nazi party (Nazi Party) the most popular in the country. In 1933, he was made Chancellor and set about solving the unemployment problem by rearmament.