Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 07 March 1936 (Remilitarization of the Rhineland): In late 1935, Italy launched an invasion of Ethiopia (Second Italo-Abyssinian War) in defiance of the League of Nations (League of Nations). Hitler (Adolf Hitler) took advantage of this crisis to move German forces into the Rhineland (Remilitarization of the Rhineland). Despite the fact that this act was in breach of Treaty of Versailles (Treaty of Versailles), Britain and France did nothing.