Denikin and Yudenich Attack

The Russian Civil War: The White Phase

Russia 1919.0801

Denikin and Yudenich Attack

The Russian Civil War: The Bolsheviks against the White Movement (1 August 1919)

Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union

In mid-1919, White forces under Anton Denikin swept across southern Russia and the Ukraine, seizing Tsaritsyn (Volgograd/Stalingrad) in June. In July, he pushed further up the Volga in an attempt to take Moscow. Meanwhile, in the northwest, a White army led by General Yudenich was advancing on Petrograd from Estonia.

Main Events

White forces under Wrangel capture Tsaritsyn from the Bolsheviks

Treaty of Versailles

Germany signs the Treaty of Versailles, officially ending its state of war with the Allied Powers. The treaty requires Germany to accept War Guilt, disarm, cede 65,000 square km of territory containing 7 million people to its neighbors, and pay considerable reparations (assessed to be 132 billion Marks in 1921).

Soviet forces take Yekaterinburg from All Russian Government

Erzurum Congress

Turkish Revolutionaries assemble in Erzurum, eastern Turkey, in accordance with the previously issued Amasya Circular, to affirm Turkish independence. Mustafa Kemal is elected chairman of the congress, despite the Sultanate's call for his arrest. The congress declares the indivisibility of the Turkish motherland and that the Turks will resist all foreign invasion or intervention.

Nikolai Yudenich creates Northwestern Government

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