Civil War and the Execution of the Tsar

The Russian Civil War: The White Phase

Russia 1918.0731

Civil War and the Execution of the Tsar

The Russian Civil War: The Bolsheviks against the White Movement (31 July 1918)

Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union

The Czechoslovak troops seized much of the Trans-Siberian Railway. With their support, anti-Bolshevik factions quickly gained power across Siberia. Simultaneously, disgruntled leftists rose up in Moscow and Yaroslavl, but were crushed after a few days.

Tsar Nicholas II and his family had been moved to the Ural city of Yekaterinburg in April. On July 17, concerned about the approaching Czechoslovaks, the Bolsheviks executed them by firing squad.

Main Events

Seizure of Trans-Siberian Railway

The Czechoslovak Legion seized control of much of the Trans-Siberian Railroad, capturing Omsk, Samara, Syzran, and Vladivostok in June 1918; followed by Ufa, Irkutsk, and Yekaterinburg in July. By 25 July, they had linked the entire central section from Yekaterinburg to Irkutsk. Wherever the Czechoslovaks gained power, they helped install White provisional governments.

Lenin orders authorities in Murmansk to resist further Allied landings

Left Social Revolutionary Party uprising against Bolsheviks

Prov. Gov. of Vladivostok

Russian Imperial family executed in Yekaterinburg

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