Bolsheviks Gain Control

The Great War and the Revolution

Russia 1917.1201

Bolsheviks Gain Control

World War I in eastern Europe and the Russian Revolution (1 December 1917)

Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union

By December 1917, Lenin's Bolsheviks controlled many of the major cities of Russia and the Republic had collapsed. Resistance was strongest amongst the various Cossack hosts, the Menshevik forces in Transcaucasia, and the independence movements among many of Russia's ethnic minorities.

Main Events

Kerensky attempts counter-revolution in Russia but defeated

Transcaucasian Commissariat

The Transcaucasian Commissariat, headed by Georgian pro-Menshevik Social Democrat Nikolay Chkheidze, is established at Tblisi in response to what it considers the illegal seizure of power by the Bolsheviks in Petrograd. Still considering itself part of the now-defunct Russian Republic, the Commissariat temporarily unites Armenians, Georgians, and Azerbaijanis in one state.

Bolsheviks capture Moscow

Ukrainian republic proclaimed

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