The Great War and the Revolution
World War I in eastern Europe and the Russian Revolution (7 November 1917)
Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union
The new Russian Republic was weak and unstable. On November 7 (October 25 in the old-style calendar), Vladimir Lenin's revolutionary Bolshevik party seized power in Petrograd, the capital, and overthrew the government. Further armed insurrections took place across Russia.
US declaration of war on Germany
The United States Congress declares war upon the German Empire; on April 2, President Woodrow Wilson had asked a special joint session of Congress for this declaration. The resolution passes 82 to 6 in the Senate and 373 to 50 in the House.
Russian Republic proclaimed under Alexander Kerensky
On October 25 (Old Style), Bolshevik Red Guards, led by Leon Trotsky, mount an armed insurrection in Petrograd, capital of the Russian Republic, capturing several government buildings. The following day, they seize the Winter Palace, the seat of Alexander Kerensky's Provisional Government. The Bolsheviks declare a new government, the Council of People's Commissars, with Vladimir Lenin as its head. Simultaneously and over the following days, other Bolshevik uprisings take place in towns and cities across Russia.