Banana Wars

American Empire

North America 1914.0129

Banana Wars

The Spanish-American War, the Banana Wars, the Mexican Revolution, World War I and the Great Depression (29 January 1914)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

Political instability in the Caribbean and Central America continued into the 1910s, prompting further US military interventions as it sought to maintain order in the region. By 1914 it had extended its dominance to the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Honduras and Haiti. Although often sanctioned by local governments or the European powers, the involvement of US commercial interests, especially fruit companies, in encouraging these interventions has led to them being named "Banana Wars".

Main Events

New Mexico becomes US state

New Mexico Territory admitted to the US as state of New Mexico

Arizona beomes US state

Arizona Territory admitted to the US as state of Arizona

Expansion of Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec

Canada distributes southern portion of Northwest Territories among Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec

US occupation of Nicaragua

United States occupies Nicaragua to suppress revolution, remaining until peace is restored

Ten Tragic Days

Fighting breaks out in Mexico City on 9 February between soldiers loyal to President Madero and several rebel factions. On 19 February, Madero resigns, and rebel leader Victoriano Huerta is declared President. Three days later, Madero and his former Vice President José María Pino Suárez are assassinated.

Carranza revolts against Huerta

Venustiano Carranza leads revolt in northern Mexico against President Huerta

US intervenes in Haiti

United States temporarily moves into Haiti to protect American nationals

About this map