Banana Wars

American Empire

North America 1914.0129

Banana Wars

The Spanish-American War, the Banana Wars, the Mexican Revolution, World War I and the Great Depression (29 January 1914)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

Political instability in the Caribbean and Central America continued into the 1910s, prompting further US military interventions as it sought to maintain order in the region. By 1914 it had extended its dominance to the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Honduras and Haiti. Although often sanctioned by local governments or the European powers, the involvement of US commercial interests, especially fruit companies, in encouraging these interventions has led to them being named "Banana Wars".

Main Events

New Mexico becomes US state

The New Mexico Territory was admitted to the US as the state of New Mexico.

Arizona beomes US state

The Arizona Territory was admitted to the US as the state of Arizona.

Expansion of Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec

Canada distributed the southern portion of Northwest Territories, along Hudson Bay, among Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec.

US occupation of Nicaragua

In mid-1912, Nicaraguan Minister of War General Luis Mena rebelled against President Adolfo Díaz when the United States refused to recognize Mena as Díaz's successor. On Díaz's invitation, the US landed troops in Nicaragua on 4 August to protect US citizens and safeguard US property. After capturing Mena in September and defeating his remaining followers in October, the troops supervised Nicaragua's elections in November before withdrawing.

Ten Tragic Days

Fighting broke out in Mexico City on 9 February between soldiers loyal to President Madero and several rebel factions. On 19 February, Madero resigned, and rebel leader Victoriano Huerta was declared President. Three days later, Madero and his former Vice President José María Pino Suárez were assassinated.

Carranza revolts against Huerta

Venustiano Carranza led a revolt in northern Mexico against President Huerta.

US intervenes in Haiti

The United States temporarily moved into Haiti to protect American nationals.

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