North America 1914.0129
The Spanish-American War, the Banana Wars, the Mexican Revolution, World War I and the Great Depression (29 January 1914)
Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean
Political instability in the Caribbean and Central America continued into the 1910s, prompting further US military interventions as it sought to maintain order in the region. By 1914 it had extended its dominance to the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Honduras and Haiti. Although often sanctioned by local governments or the European powers, the involvement of US commercial interests, especially fruit companies, in encouraging these interventions has led to them being named "Banana Wars".
New Mexico becomes US state
The New Mexico Territory was admitted to the US as the state of New Mexico.
Arizona beomes US state
The Arizona Territory was admitted to the US as the state of Arizona.
Expansion of Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec
Canada distributed the southern portion of Northwest Territories, along Hudson Bay, among Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec.
US occupation of Nicaragua
In mid-1912, Nicaraguan Minister of War General Luis Mena rebelled against President Adolfo Díaz when the United States refused to recognize Mena as Díaz's successor. On Díaz's invitation, the US landed troops in Nicaragua on 4 August to protect US citizens and safeguard US property. After capturing Mena in September and defeating his remaining followers in October, the troops supervised Nicaragua's elections in November before withdrawing.
Ten Tragic Days
Fighting broke out in Mexico City on 9 February between soldiers loyal to President Madero and several rebel factions. On 19 February, Madero resigned, and rebel leader Victoriano Huerta was declared President. Three days later, Madero and his former Vice President José María Pino Suárez were assassinated.
Carranza revolts against Huerta
Venustiano Carranza led a revolt in northern Mexico against President Huerta.
US intervenes in Haiti
The United States temporarily moved into Haiti to protect American nationals.