Political map of North America & the Caribbean on 17 Dec 1861 (American Civil War: Fight for Kentucky), showing the following events: Confederate victory at Mesilla; Confederate Territory of Arizona created; Confederates invade Kentucky; Union enters Kentucky; Kentucky declares for the Union; Mosquito Reservation created; British-French-Spanish alliance over Mexico; Union captures Port Royal; Trent Affair; Tripartite fleets reach Mexico; Spanish occupy Veracruz.

Fight for Kentucky

American Civil War

North America 1861.1217

Fight for Kentucky

American Civil War, French intervention in Mexico, Dominican Restoration War (17 December 1861)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

When the Civil War broke out, Kentucky had declared neutrality. This situation lasted for over three months, until a Confederate general, acting on his own initiative, occupied Columbus. In response to this blunder, Kentucky declared for the Union, thereby opening up the War's western theater.

Main Events

Confederate victory at Mesilla

Confederate forces from Texas defeat local Union forces at First Battle of Mesilla, New Mexico Territory

Confederate Territory of Arizona created

Confederate forces in New Mexico Territory establish the Territory of Arizona south of the 34th parallel

Confederates invade Kentucky

Confederate troops under Gen. Leonidas Polk invade the hitherto neutral state of Kentucky, occupying Columbus

Union enters Kentucky

Union troops under Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant occupy Paducah, Kentucky, in response to the Confederate invasion

Kentucky declares for the Union

Kentucky General Assembly passes resolution demanding withdrawal of Confederate forces, declaring its allegiance with the Union

Mosquito Reservation created

Former British protectorate of Mosquito Kingdom is transformed into Mosquito Reservation under sovereignty of Nicaragua

British-French-Spanish alliance over Mexico

Great Britain, France, and Spain sign Convention of London, forming a tripartite alliance to extract loan repayments from Mexico

Union captures Port Royal

United States expeditionary force captures Port Royal Sound, South Carolina, from Confederacy in amphibious operation

Trent Affair

Union interception of British mail packet RMS Trent carrying Confederate diplomats temporarily threatens war between United States and Britain

Tripartite fleets reach Mexico

British, Spanish and French fleets arrive off Veracruz, to begin pressure on Mexican government

Spanish occupy Veracruz

Spanish forces occupy San Juan de Ulua and Veracruz, Mexico

About this map