Political map of North America & the Caribbean on 08 Aug 1840 (Successors of New Spain: Comanche Wars), showing the following events: Reconquest of Los Altos; Yucatan Revolt; Council House Fight; Battle of Santa Rita de Morelos; Republic of Rio Grande returns; Great Raid of 1840.

Comanche Wars

Successors of New Spain

North America 1840.0808

Comanche Wars

Texas Revolution, Latin American independence (8 August 1840)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

The Comanche had taken advantage of Mexican weakness to gain control of the trade routes crossing the southern Great Plains in the 1830s. By 1836 their 'empire', Comancheria, was powerful enough to mount raids deep into Mexico and Texas. When the Texians betrayed them in 1840, the Comanche invaded, crossing the Republic and destroying the port of Linnville. Eventually, however, disease would decimate the tribes, leading to the collapse of Comanche power in the 1850s.

Main Events

Reconquest of Los Altos

Guatemalan General Rafael Carrera enters Quetzaltenango, capital of the breakaway State of Los Altos, and arrests the chief of state, Marcelo Molina.

Yucatan Revolt

The federal army of Yucatan, under Captain Santiago Iman, revolts against the centralist government of the Mexican Republic, capturing the city of Valladolid and demanding the reestablishment of the Mexican Constitution of 1824. Over the following months, Yucatecan Federalists seize control of all Yucatan and Campeche.

Council House Fight

A 65-member Comanche delegation meets under truce with Texian officials in San Antonio, Republic of Texas, to negotiate peace and the release of Texian and Mexican captives held by the Comanche. During the meeting, the Texians threaten to make hostages of the Comanche delegates until the captives are returned, resulting in a clash in which 35 Comanche and 7 Texians are killed. This incident destroys any trust the Comanche have in Texas, prompting them to kill the captives the Texians sought and mount the Great Raid of 1840.

Battle of Santa Rita de Morelos

Insurgents of the Republic of Rio Grande under the command of General Antonio Canales are defeated by forces of the Mexican Republic under General Mariano Arista at Morelos, Coahuila. After the battle, Canales and the remaining rebels flee to San Antonio, Republic of Texas.

Republic of Rio Grande returns

General Antonio Canales arrives in San Patricio, Republic of Texas, where supporters of the Republic of the Rio Grande, including Texian and American Indian volunteers, have been gathering for a return to Mexico. In late June, Canales and his forces push south, crossing the Rio Grande and seizing Ciudad Victoria, capital of the state of Tamaulipas. They then attempt to capture Saltillo, Coahuila, but are defeated by the Mexican Army under General Rafael Vasquez.

Great Raid of 1840

Chief Buffalo Hump lead at least 400 Comanche warriors, accompanied by wives and boys, on a raid across the Republic of Texas. The war party first attacked the town of Victoria before riding on to the Gulf of Mexico on the 8th, where they pillaged and destroyed the port of Linnville. After this they retired, fighting a brief engagement with Texas Rangers at Plum Creek.

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