Southern Asia 1941
Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran
When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, Iran’s strategic position and oil reserves became even more important ...
East Asia 1941
Eve of Pearl Harbor
Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June, but Japan declined to join her ally, resolving instead to occupy the rest ...
North America 1941
Attack on Pearl Harbor
Over the course of 1941, US President Franklin Roosevelt gradually increased neutral America's involvement in the War: extending the ...
Southern Asia 1945
Japanese Surrender in South-East Asia
On 15 August 1945, Japan agreed to unconditional surrender, bringing an end to World War II. However, it would take ...
East Asia 1945
Surrender of Japan's Overseas Forces
At the time of the Japanese surrender, Japan still had some 4 million troops stationed abroad. Over the following months ...
End of Soviet Influence in China
The Korean War was effectively ended with a formal ceasefire in 1953. With the immediate threat from the West over ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1956
Independence of Sudan
In 1953 Egyptian revolutionaries deposed the last King of Egypt and the Sudan, signing a treaty with the British the ...
East Asia 1959
China under Mao
Following the end of the Korean War in 1953 and France's Indochina War in 1954, China began to move ...
East Asia 1963
Formation of Malaysia
In 1961, Indonesia attacked Dutch New Guinea. The dispute was resolved by the United Nations, which transferred the territory to ...
East Asia 1968
At the end of the First Indochina War, Vietnam had been divided between a Communist North and a pro-Western South ...
Sino-Soviet Border Conflict
In 1966, Mao launched the Cultural Revolution, a hugely destructive campaign to purge China of anti-Communist thought. By now, Chinese ...
East Asia 1973
Paris Peace Accords
By the late 1960s, US public opinion had swung strongly against involvement in the Vietnam War, a stance exacerbated when ...
Battle of the Paracel Islands
The 1969 Sino-Soviet conflict encouraged the United States to improve relations with the People's Republic of China, leading to ...
North America 1974
Outside the Americas, the US had been fighting communism in Vietnam since the early 1960s. Meanwhile American society was being ...
East Asia 1975
Communist Victory in Indochina
Only months after the Paris Peace Accords, Nixon became embroiled in the Watergate scandal, which ultimately ended his presidency. With ...
East Asia 1979
The Khmer Rouge's brutal rule in Cambodia led to millions of deaths, while its growing antagonism with its former ...
North America 1979
Decolonization in the Caribbean
In the 1960s and '70s, the British withdrew from most of their remaining colonies in the Americas. A brief attempt ...