Communist Tuva and Mongolia
With the assistance of Mongolian revolutionaries, Soviet forces expelled von Sternberg, leading to the creation of communist regimes in Tuva ...
Death of Lenin
Following a number of strokes and possibly still weakened from a 1918 assassination attempt, Lenin died a year after the ...
the Arctic 1925
Soviet-Japanese Peace Treaty
The Japanese withdrew from the Russian mainland in October 1922, allowing the Soviets to annex the Far Eastern Republic just ...
Soviet-Japanese Peace Treaty
On January 20, 1925, the Japanese finally signed a Peace Treaty with the Soviet Union and agreed to withdraw from ...
Hitler Gains Power
The Great Depression that started in 1929, resulted in massive world-wide unemployment. Germany was especially hard hit, with 6 million ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1935
In the 1920s, Mussolini's Fascists had risen to power in Italy, adopting an increasingly aggressive foreign policy. In 1934 ...
Southern Asia 1941
Japanese Intervention in French Indochina
Germany's defeat of France in 1940 left the French overseas empire vulnerable. Japan, which was already at war with ...
The War Expands
Beginning in December, a Russian counterattack pushed the German army back from Moscow. Meanwhile on the other side of the ...
East Asia 1942
The Japanese quickly overran Allied possessions in China, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific as they moved to seize resources and ...
Japan Comes South
Even as their planes racked Pearl Harbor, the Japanese were moving south to conquer the resource-rich colonies of Southeast Asia ...
Lower Dnieper Offensive
After its victories at Stalingrad and Kursk, the Soviet Red Army had the Germans on the run. In an attempt ...
The latter half of 1943 saw the Soviet Red Army push inexorably westwards. By the end of the year they ...
Japan surrendered on August 15, 1945, ending the War in the Pacific. However it would take months for the Allies ...
Southern Asia 1948
Independence of Burma
The British departure from India in 1947 made their remaining colonies in South Asia redundant. Burma - which had been making ...
Southern Asia 1949
First Arab-Israeli War
When Israel declared independence in 1948, the surrounding Arab states immediately declared war and invaded it. Although outnumbered, the Israelis ...
East Asia 1949
Communist Victory in Northern China
In China, the uneasy truce between Nationalists and Communists had collapsed in mid-1946. Things started well for the superior Nationalist ...
Communist Victory in North China
With their defeat at Xuzhou, the Nationalists were forced to abandon northern China and fall back on Nanjing and the ...
Chinese intervention in Korea
By November 1950, the American-led United Nations counter-offensive in Korea had overrrun most of North Korea. Mao responded by sending ...
At the end of World War II, Korea had been divided into a communist North and a pro-Western South. In ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1956
Independence of Sudan
In 1953 Egyptian revolutionaries deposed the last King of Egypt and the Sudan, signing a treaty with the British the ...