Political map of Sub-Saharan Africa 16 November 1925 (Campaign of the Sultanates): In 1922 Mussolini's National Fascist Party gained power in Italy and immediately began pushing for a stronger colonial policy. In 1924 and 1925 Italian forces invaded the hitherto autonomous sultanates of Majerteenia (Majerteen Sultanate) and Hobyo (Sultanate of Hobyo) in northern Somalia, firmly incorporating them into the Italian colony (Italian Somaliland).