Political map of South & Southwest Asia 6 October 1942 (Quit India Movement): The Japanese raid into the Indian Ocean and their conquest of Burma brought the Second World War to the very borders of India. Alarmed by the inability of the British to defend their empire, the Indian National Congress launched the Quit India Movement, demanding immediate independence. The British responded by quickly arresting Congress leaders, but outbreaks of rioting and disorder would persist for the rest of the war.