Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean  September 9 AD (Battle of the Teutoburg Forest): Believing Germania to be pacified, Augustus appointed Publius Quinctilius Varus as imperial governor (Legatus Augusti pro praetore) in 7 AD. Varus’ brutal methods antagonized many of the local tribes, who were persuaded to secretly unite under the leadership of Varus’ Germanic advisor Arminius. In 9 AD Arminius ambushed and destroyed all three of Varus’ legions in the Teutoburg Forest, killing Varus and breaking the Roman hold over Germania (Battle of the Teutoburg Forest).