Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 8 November 1923 (Beer Hall Putsch): By 1923, hyperinflation was ruining the German economy (Hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic) and helping destroy its ability to pay war reparations (World War I reparations). In an attempt to force payments, France and Belgium occupied the German industrial area of the Ruhr (Occupation of the Ruhr). In the turbulent times that followed, a Mussolini (Benito Mussolini)-inspired German war veteran by the name of Adolf Hitler (Adolf Hitler) led his Nazi party (Nazi Party) in a failed attempt to seize power in Munich (Beer Hall Putsch).