Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 15 November 1884 (Scramble for Africa): In 1881 France alarmed Italy by seizing Tunisia (French conquest of Tunisia). The next year Britain occupied Egypt (Anglo-Egyptian War (1882)), infuriating France - which had built and now co-owned the Suez Canal (Suez Canal Company). To reduce the possibility of a general European conflict over these and numerous other disputes involving Africa (Scramble for Africa), Germany organized the Berlin Conference in 1884 (Berlin Conference).