Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 23 June 1848 (June Days): The apparent success of the European revolutions (Revolutions of 1848) belied the divisions between the city-based reformers, who desired everything from moderate reforms to the complete overthrow of the current systems of government, and the general population, who were often traditionalists. Thus when the new French Republic (Second French Republic) implemented universal male suffrage, the people elected a conservative government. Shocked, the urban workers and radicals took to the streets of Paris in June but were crushed by the National Guard (June Days Uprising). The monarchies of Europe took note - if even France could rein in its revolutionaries, so could they.