Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 30 October 1828 (Morea Expedition): Following the Allied victory over the Ottomans at the Battle of Navarino (1827), French troops were landed in the Peloponnese (Morea expedition). With French assistance, the Greek revolutionaries (First Hellenic Republic) took control of Ottoman positions in the peninsula, laying the groundwork for  Greek independence (Greek War of Independence).