Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 14 October 115 (Kitos War): Crossing the Taurus mountains, Trajan invaded the Parthian (Parthian Empire) client kingdoms (client kingdom) in Upper Mesopotamia in 115. However, while the emperor was focused on Parthia, Jews across the empire seized the opportunity to revolt against Roman rule, mounting uprisings in Cyrenaica, Egypt (Lukuas), Mesopotamia, Judea, and Cyprus (Artemion). This “Kitos War” caused much death and destruction, but was eventually suppressed in 117.