Political map of the Eastern Mediterranean 22 February 1958 (United Arab Republic): The Suez Crisis turned Egypt's President Nasser (Gamal Abdel Nasser) into a hero and encouraged Syria to join Egypt in the United Arab Republic, intended as the first step towards a larger pan-Arab state (Pan-Arabism). However the move was feared by the monarchies of Jordan and Iraq, who formed their own federation (Arab Federation) in response.