Political map of the Arctic & the Far North 15 August 1945 (End of World War II): Despite Germany's surrender (Victory in Europe Day), Japan still fought on (Asia-Pacific War), finally being brought to terms (Gyokuon-h%C5%8Ds%C5%8D) in August when the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki) and the Soviet Union invaded Manchuria, Karafuto, and the Kuril Islands (Soviet%E2%80%93Japanese War (1945)). The Second World War was finally at an end.