Political map of the Arctic & the Far North 07 May 1945 (German Surrender): While the Germans were withdrawing from Finland (Lapland War), the Soviets attacked in northern Scandinavia, capturing Petsamo (Finland) and Kirkenes (Norway) (Petsamo%E2%80%93Kirkenes Offensive) and all but concluding the War (World War II) in the Arctic. To the south, the Allied forces (Allies of World War II) were now invading Germany itself (Battle of Berlin) and by early May the War in Europe was over.