Political map of the Arctic & the Far North 9 October 1882 (First International Polar Year): By the 1870s polar exploration was becoming increasingly nationalistic, but some realized that a coordinated approach involving multiple simultaneous expeditions might be more fruitful. This thinking led to the International Polar Year, when from the summer of 1882 to that of 1883, researchers from Austria-Hungary, Britain, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the US operated meteorological stations around the Arctic circle in what was to be the first great international scientific project.