South America 1918
South America in the Great War
When World War I broke out in Europe, the German East Asia Squadron attempted to reach the Atlantic via the ...
South America 1922
In 1922, Colombia and Peru signed the Salomón–Lozano Treaty to resolve their long-standing border dispute. However, Peru - which had ...
South America 1930
Already unstable, South America was hit hard by the Great Depression, with the global demand for the raw materials that ...
South America 1933
Bolivia and Paraguay were both left land-locked by the 19th century's wars in South America. Having lost substantial territory ...
South America 1935
Paraguayan Chaco Offensive
The first year of the Chaco War favored the Bolivians, but when their offensive collapsed in late 1933, Paraguay seized ...
South America 1939
Declaration of Panama
In 1939, World War II broke out in Europe. In response, the United States and the other neutral nations of ...
South America 1941
In July 1941, while the eyes of the world were focused on Hitler's invasion of Russia, the long-standing border ...
South America 1942
Brazil enters World War II
On 7 December 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, bringing the United States into World War II. Brazil almost immediately began ...
South America 1945
South America in World War II
Brazil was the only South American country to send troops abroad during World War II and, despite US pressure, only ...
South America 1948
Following the end of World War II, suspicion and hostility grew between the United States and the Soviet Union. In ...
South America 1962
Cold War reaches Latin America
Less than a month after the signing of the Rio Pact in 1948 - and while the Organization of American States ...
South America 1970
Exporting the Revolution
The success of the Cuban Revolution inspired revolts and left-wing insurgencies across the Americas. However, most of these movements lacked ...
South America 1979
In response to the guerrilla movements of the 1960s and 1970s, the right-wing governments of southern South America organized Operation ...
South America 1982
In 1982, partially to mobilize patriotic support in the face of its dwindling popularity, Argentina's military junta invaded the ...
South America 1990
US Invasion of Panama
As the Cold War came to a close in 1989, Soviet and Cuban support for Communist guerrilla movements in Latin ...
South America 2017
The US victory in the Cold War encouraged Latin American states to adopt neoliberalism; a course which led to economic ...