South America 1880
War of the Pacific
In February 1879 Chile had seized Antofagasta following a dispute with Bolivia. Peru sided with Bolivia, only to be defeated ...
South America 1887
When gold was discovered in the Guianas in the early 1880s, thousands of prospectors flocked to the region. Taking advantage ...
South America 1889
Proclamation of the Republic of Brazil
On 15 November 1889, rebelling troops under Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca seized control of the government in Rio de Janeiro ...
South America 1895
Venezuela and Nicaragua Crises
In 1894, Nicaragua annexed the Mosquito Reserve, violating a previous treaty with Great Britain. In response, the British occupied Corinto ...
South America 1908
Rio Branco's Treaties
The scramble for resources, especially rubber, in the South American interior in the late 19th and early 20th centuries saw ...
South America 1933
Bolivia and Paraguay were both left land-locked by the 19th century's wars in South America. Having lost substantial territory ...
South America 1935
Paraguayan Chaco Offensive
The first year of the Chaco War favored the Bolivians, but when their offensive collapsed in late 1933, Paraguay seized ...
South America 1939
Declaration of Panama
In 1939, World War II broke out in Europe. In response, the United States and the other neutral nations of ...
North America 1944
America in World War II
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the United States, bringing its U-boat campaign to the ...
South America 1945
South America in World War II
Brazil was the only South American country to send troops abroad during World War II and, despite US pressure, only ...
South America 1948
Following the end of World War II, suspicion and hostility grew between the United States and the Soviet Union. In ...
North America 1949
North Atlantic Treaty
World War II left the United States and the Soviet Union as the dominant powers in Europe. Relations between the ...
South America 1962
Cold War reaches Latin America
Less than a month after the signing of the Rio Pact in 1948 - and while the Organization of American States ...
North America 1966
Operation Power Pack
Castro's success in Cuba helped inspire further revolts across Latin America. In April 1965, the Dominican Revolutionary Party overthrew ...
South America 1970
Exporting the Revolution
The success of the Cuban Revolution inspired revolts and left-wing insurgencies across the Americas. However, most of these movements lacked ...
South America 1979
In response to the guerrilla movements of the 1960s and 1970s, the right-wing governments of southern South America organized Operation ...
South America 2017
The US victory in the Cold War encouraged Latin American states to adopt neoliberalism; a course which led to economic ...