South America 1879
Conquest of the Desert
Through much of the 19th century, the Argentine Republic had maintained an uneasy existence with the tribal peoples of the ...
South America 1880
War of the Pacific
In February 1879 Chile had seized Antofagasta following a dispute with Bolivia. Peru sided with Bolivia, only to be defeated ...
South America 1881
Partition of Patagonia
When the War of the Pacific broke out in 1879, the Argentinians declared neutrality but remained sympathetic to Bolivia and ...
South America 1889
Proclamation of the Republic of Brazil
On 15 November 1889, rebelling troops under Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca seized control of the government in Rio de Janeiro ...
South America 1891
Chilean Civil War
Political disputes between the President of Chile and his Congress erupted into civil war in 1891, with the Chilean Army ...
South America 1895
Venezuela and Nicaragua Crises
In 1894, Nicaragua annexed the Mosquito Reserve, violating a previous treaty with Great Britain. In response, the British occupied Corinto ...
South America 1903
Second Venezuela Crisis
Following Venezuela's refusal to pay its foreign debts, Britain, Germany, and Italy blockaded the country in late 1902, seizing ...
South America 1908
Rio Branco's Treaties
The scramble for resources, especially rubber, in the South American interior in the late 19th and early 20th centuries saw ...
South America 1918
South America in the Great War
When World War I broke out in Europe, the German East Asia Squadron attempted to reach the Atlantic via the ...
North America 1944
America in World War II
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the United States, bringing its U-boat campaign to the ...
South America 1945
South America in World War II
Brazil was the only South American country to send troops abroad during World War II and, despite US pressure, only ...
South America 1948
Following the end of World War II, suspicion and hostility grew between the United States and the Soviet Union. In ...
North America 1949
North Atlantic Treaty
World War II left the United States and the Soviet Union as the dominant powers in Europe. Relations between the ...
South America 1962
Cold War reaches Latin America
Less than a month after the signing of the Rio Pact in 1948 - and while the Organization of American States ...
South America 1970
Exporting the Revolution
The success of the Cuban Revolution inspired revolts and left-wing insurgencies across the Americas. However, most of these movements lacked ...
South America 1979
In response to the guerrilla movements of the 1960s and 1970s, the right-wing governments of southern South America organized Operation ...
South America 1982
In 1982, partially to mobilize patriotic support in the face of its dwindling popularity, Argentina's military junta invaded the ...
South America 1990
US Invasion of Panama
As the Cold War came to a close in 1989, Soviet and Cuban support for Communist guerrilla movements in Latin ...
South America 2017
The US victory in the Cold War encouraged Latin American states to adopt neoliberalism; a course which led to economic ...