Political map of North America & the Caribbean on 11 Apr 1916 (American Empire: Pancho Villa Expedition), showing the following events: Villa & Zapata take Mexico City; Villa & Zapata expelled from Mexico City; Sinking of the RMS Lusitania; US occupies Haiti; Villa raids New Mexico; US Mexican Expedition.

Pancho Villa Expedition

American Empire

North America 1916.0411

Pancho Villa Expedition

The Spanish-American War, the Banana Wars, the Mexican Revolution, World War I and the Great Depression (11 April 1916)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

The coalition that had deposed Huerta collapsed soon after taking Mexico City. A year of fighting followed, in which the once powerful general "Pancho" Villa was defeated and reduced to fighting a guerrilla campaign in the north. In 1916, he crossed the border and raided New Mexico. In response, the US sent a punitive expedition south under General Pershing in an ultimately futile and unpopular effort to hunt Villa down.

Main Events

Villa & Zapata take Mexico City

Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata moved into Mexico City.

Villa & Zapata expelled from Mexico City

Venustiano Carranza's forces defeated Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata in protracted fighting over Mexico City.

Sinking of the RMS Lusitania

German submarine U-20 torpedoed the RMS Lusitania in the North Atlantic Ocean off the southwest coast of Ireland, sinking her. The action killed 1,198 of the 1,959 people aboard, including 128 of 139 American passengers. Although she was a British ship carrying munitions and the German Embassy in Washington had issued a warning implying that she might be attacked, the sinking shocked the United States and helped galvanize opinion against Germany. In response, on 9 September 1915, Germany ordered the restriction of U-boat attacks to ships that were confirmed to be British, with no actions against passenger liners permitted at all.

US occupies Haiti

US Marines landed at Port-au-Prince, Haiti, to safeguard US interests.

Villa raids New Mexico

Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa attacked Columbus, New Mexico.

US Mexican Expedition

The United States Army under General Pershing conducted a punitive expedition into northern Mexico in an attempt to capture Pancho Villa.

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