The overthrow of King Charles X in France in July 1830 inspired revolutions across Europe, most notably in the United ...
North America 1842
Conflict with the Comanche did not stop Texas from pursuing its vast territorial claims against Mexico. In 1841 the Texians ...
By 1844, the French had consolidated their hold over Algeria, but were now facing continuous raids from Algerian fighters taking ...
North America 1847
Battle for Mexico City
Mexican troops rushed south to Veracruz but couldn't contain the US advance. After several more hard-fought battles, the US ...
North America 1850
Compromise of 1850
With its population booming, California wanted to join the Union as a free state - naturally antagonizing the slave states. After ...
the Arctic 1855
Crimean War in the Arctic
Other nations were soon to follow the United States in signing treaties with Japan, in particular Britain, which was currently ...
North America 1858
Mexican Reform War
In Mexico, the antagonism between the reform-minded Liberal Party and the Conservatives, backed by landowners and the Catholic Church, erupted ...
North America 1862
Battle of Antietam
Having established naval supremacy, Union forces landed on the Virginia peninsula and advanced on Richmond, only to be smashed by ...
Outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War
In 1870 a Prussian prince accepted the Spanish throne. Outraged, the French made the prince back down, then tried to ...
Siege of Paris
With the defeat at Sedan, Napoleon III was forced to surrender. The Prussians now moved to besiege Paris, where the ...
Britain's Splendid Isolation
At the close of the Nineteenth Century, Britain was still Europe's foremost power but was facing ever greater competition ...
East Asia 1901
In August 1900, the Allies captured Peking, defeating the remnants of the Boxer Rebellion over the following year. Peace was ...
Dissatisfaction with the Tsarist government and its handling of the war with Japan resulted in unrest across Russia. Desperate for ...
East Asia 1905
Japan swiftly overran Korea and southern Manchuria, capturing Port Arthur after a prolonged siege. In an attempt to gain naval ...
Consolidation of the Dutch East Indies
Despite its small size, the Netherlands emerged from the 19th century in charge of the rich and populous Dutch East ...
In early 1912, the weak and corrupt government of the Chinese Empire was overthrown and a republic declared. However, the ...
Aftermath of the Balkan Wars
At the Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria ceded land to Serbia, Greece, and Romania, ending the Second Balkan War between those ...
The first weeks of WWI saw a confusing array of clashes as Germany invaded Belgium, France invaded Germany, Russia invaded ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1914
Opening Shots in Africa
With the onset of World War I, the French and British moved swiftly to occupy German Togoland and, less successfully ...
Conquest of the German Pacific
The Great War opened in the Pacific with a string of easy victories for the New Zealanders and Australians as ...