Appeasement at Munich
From March 1938, pro-Nazis in the Sudetenland, a part of Czechoslovakia with a large German population, started pressing for autonomy ...
In an attempt to match Hitler's victories, Mussolini ordered invasions of Egypt and Greece. But the Italian army was ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1940
Battle of Gabon
While the rest of French Equatorial Africa declared for the Free French in August 1940, Gabon remained loyal to the ...
El Alamein and Operation Torch
In November, the tide turned in the Western Desert Campaign when the British defeated Rommel's Afrika Korps at El ...
Battle of Stalingrad
A week after their defeats in Africa, Germany suffered an even greater disaster on the Eastern Front when the four ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1942
Three French Empires
In November 1942 the Allies landed in Vichy French North Africa and defeated the Axis in Egypt, prompting Germany to ...
Soviet Post-War Power
In the aftermath of World War II, Soviet occupied territory stretched from central and eastern Europe to northern China, North ...
Indonesian War of Independence
Just days after the Japanese surrender, Indonesian nationalists proclaimed independence, beginning a war to liberate the East Indies from Dutch ...
In early November 1948, the Communists moved to surround a large body of Nationalist troops at Xuzhou. The following two ...
East Asia 1950
UN Offensive in Korea
After halting the North Korean advance, the UN forces counterattacked. In just a few weeks, they cleared South Korea then ...
While the United States and the Soviet Union were facing off in Europe, the European powers were watching their colonial ...
West New Guinea dispute
When the Netherlands recognized Indonesian independence, it retained western New Guinea on the grounds that its West Papuan inhabitants did ...
Mao's attempts to rapidly modernize China led to the disastrous Great Leap Forward from 1958-61. At the same time ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1965
When it began withdrawing from its African colonies in the 1950s the United Kingdom adopted a policy of no independence ...
Sino-Soviet Border Conflict
The Cuban Missile Crisis (1962) had brought the world to the brink of nuclear war. To avoid this danger, the ...
East Asia 1989
End of the Cold War
Despite the communist gains, the 1970s was an era of unprecedented economic growth for the capitalist nations of East Asia ...
Fall of the Berlin Wall
By the 1980s, the Eastern Bloc had begun to fall dangerously behind the West both economically and technologically. To address ...
While the former Eastern Bloc was collapsing, the nations of Western Europe were forging closer ties. Back in 1958, Belgium ...
North America 2014
Mexican Drug War
The US responded to the September 11 attacks by declaring a "War on Terror" and invading Afghanistan, where Al-Qaeda was ...