Political map of Sub-Saharan Africa 12 December 1963 (Kenyan Independence): Due to political resistance from the white settler population (White people in Kenya), Kenya did not gain independence from the UK until December 1963 (Kenyan Independence). Rejecting Kenyan rule, the Somali tribes of the country's northeast preemptively launched the four-year Shifta War in the hope of joining neighboring Somalia (Shifta War).