Political map of Sub-Saharan Africa 15 August 1945 (End of World War II): The surrender of Germany and Japan in May and August 1945 brought an end to World War II. Africa ended the war almost exactly as it started it, under the colonial rule of the European powers (Scramble for Africa). However, the full restoration of Ethiopian independence (in late 1944) (Anglo-Ethiopian Agreement) was a sign of changing international attitudes and colonialism's days would prove to be numbered.