Political map of Sub-Saharan Africa 23 November 1942 (Three French Empires): In November 1942 the Allies landed in Vichy French North Africa and defeated the Axis in Egypt, prompting Germany to occupy Vichy France (Case Anton). In Algiers, Vichy Admiral Darlan agreed to join the Allies, but as a representative of Vichy France not as part of the Free French. This move was accepted by the United States - which distrusted de Gaulle (Charles de Gaulle) - and French West Africa, but rejected as treason by the Vichy government in occupied France. As a result three rival French factions briefly coexisted: Vichy France, Free France, and Darlan's High Commission of France in Africa.