Political map of Sub-Saharan Africa 25 October 1903 (Somaliland Campaign): In the late 19th century Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, nicknamed the “Mad Mullah” by the British, gained power in the Somali interior. Leading his Dervishes (Dervish State) in a long struggle against foreign expansion in the Horn of Africa (Somaliland Campaign), Hassan met his first major defeat in 1903–4, when British and Ethiopian forces chased him into Italian Somalia. He would recover a decade later to threaten British holdings during World War I, but the British retaliation, using RAF bombers, finally put an end to his resistance movement in 1920.
(Br/Port disp)