Political map of South & Southwest Asia 15 January 1902 (Saudi Restoration): By the early 1890s, the Emirate of Ha'il (Jebel Shammar) had risen to dominate the Arabian interior, conquering the rival Emirate of Nejd and forcing its Saudi rulers to flee to Kuwait (Battle of Mulayda). However, local discontent with Ha'il gradually grew and in 1901 the House of Saud returned, recapturing Riyadh the following year (Battle of Riyadh (1902)).