Political map of South American nations 14 May 1895 (Venezuela and Nicaragua Crises): In 1894 Nicaragua annexed the Mosquito Reserve (Mosquito Coast), violating a previous treaty with Britain (Treaty of Managua). In response, the British occupied Corinto in an attempt to pressure Nicaragua to pay an indemnity (Nicaragua Crisis of 1895). Meanwhile, Britain was also confronting Venezuela over its border with Guiana (Venezuela Crisis of 1895). Both disputes angered the United States, which insisted on its right to act as arbitrator under the Monroe Doctrine, and eventually the British backed down.