Africa between the World Wars
Sub-Saharan Africa 1924.0715
League of Nations Africa, Second Italo-Ethiopian War (15 July 1924)
Historical Map of Sub-Saharan Africa
During World War I Britain and France had seized large territories from the defeated German and Ottoman empires, while their ally Italy had gained very little. To compensate the Italians for their war efforts, the British agreed to cede the Kenyan region of Jubaland to them.
Southern Rhodesia Referendum
A referendum was held in the British colony of Southern Rhodesia—at the time under the administration of the British South Africa Company—with voters choosing between establishing responsible government and joining the Union of South Africa. Over 59% of the 14,763 votes cast opted for responsible government. As a result, Southern Rhodesia became a self-governing colony on 1 October 1923.
Treaty of Lausanne
The Grand National Assembly of Turkey signed the Treaty of Lausanne with the British Empire, the French Republic, the Kingdom of Italy, the Empire of Japan, the Kingdom of Greece, and the Kingdom of Romania in Lausanne, Switzerland. The treaty superseded the failed Treaty of Sèvres, defining the borders of the new Turkish Republic and recognizing it as the successor of the Ottoman Empire. The treaty also demilitarized the Daradanelles, opening the Turkish Straits to unrestricted civilian and military traffic, under the supervision of the International Straits Commission of the League of Nations.
1923 Imperial Conference
Following the 1922 Chanak Crisis - where Canada had refused to support a British ultimatum against Turkey - and the March 1923 Halibut Treaty - where Canada had insisted on independently signing a treaty with the United States - the Imperial Conference of 1923 met in London to discuss high policy for the members of the British Commonwealth. However, although Britain, Australia, and New Zealand desired a broad common foreign policy, this stance was rejected by Canada and South Africa as encroaching on their autonomy as Dominions. Instead, the Canadian position was adopted and Britain accepted the right of the Dominions to pursue their own foreign policy while avoiding any action that might injure another member.
At the Anglo-Italian Convention of 1924, the United Kingdom agreed to cede a portion of Jubaland, part of the Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, to the Kingdom of Italy. The agreement was ratified on 1 May 1925 and effective as of 29 June 1925. The Italians referred to the territory as Trans-Juba.