Iran Crisis

Soviet Superpower

Russia 1946.0516

Iran Crisis

The Cold War from the Soviet Union's view (16 May 1946)

Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union

During the Second World War, Britain and the Soviet Union had occupied Iran. With the war over, the United States demanded that the Russians withdraw. Under pressure from the newly formed United Nations, Stalin finally backed down, but tried to retain influence by forcing Iran to agree to oil concessions and to accept Soviet backed Azerbaijani and Kurdish regimes in the north. However, the Iranian government revoked these deals as soon as the Soviet troops left.

Main Events

Azerbaijan People's Government

With the support of the Soviet Union, the Azerbaijan National Assembly declares the creation of the Azerbaijan People's Government in Tabriz, in Soviet-occupied northwest Iran.

Republic of Mahabad

With support from the Soviet Union, the National Government of Kurdistan declares the Kurdish People's Republic - also called the Republic of Mahabad - in Mahabad, Soviet-occupied northwest Iran.

Soviet Union withdraws from Manchuria

Greek Civil War

Civil War in Greece between Western-backed government and Communists

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