Russia 1919: Whites in Retreat
Uprisings behind Denikin’s stretched lines, especially by Nestor Makhno’s anarchists, brought an end to the White advance in the south. In October, the Soviets both defeated Denikin at Orel and broke through Kolchak’s lines east of Tobolsk. By early November, Yudenich’s attack on Petrograd had also been beaten back.
3 Sep 1919 Soviets link Orenburg with Tashkent▲
Soviets link Orenburg with Tashkent
Oct 1919 Nestor Makhno’s Black Army overthrows Whites in southern Ukraine▲
Nestor Makhno’s Black Army overthrows Whites in southern Ukraine
1-12 Oct 1919 Evacuation of Murmansk▲
After withdrawing from Archangel in late September 1919, the Allies evacuated Murmansk in October, ending the North Russia intervention.
19 Oct 1919 Nikolai Yudenich’s offensive stalls outside Petrograd▲
Nikolai Yudenich’s offensive stalls outside Petrograd
20 Oct 1919 Soviets defeat White advance on Moscow at Battle of Orel▲
Soviets defeat White advance on Moscow at Battle of Orel
24 Oct 1919 Soviets capture Tobolsk▲
Soviets capture Tobolsk