Russia 1918: Kolchak's All-Russian Government
In September, the anti-Soviet forces had attempted to unite under the Provisional All-Russian Government (PA-RG). This attempt failed due to conflict between the left-wing Social Revolutionaries and the right-wing Whites. On November 18, the Whites overthrew the PA-RG. The Minister of War, Admiral Kolchak, became Supreme Ruler. Kolchak’s military dictatorship would prove to be stronger and more ruthless than the old PA-RG. However, he still depended a great deal on the Allies and never completely controlled the many Russian factions.
12-13 Nov 1918 Occupation of Constantinople▲
The first French troops arrived in the Ottoman capital of Constantinople, followed by the British the next day. The Allies divided the city into occupation zones, setting up a military administration in December. Italian and Greek forces arrived later. The Allied occupation marked the first time Constantinople had changed hands since the original Ottoman conquest in 1453.
13 Nov 1918 Annulment of Brest-Litovsk▲
Following the German capitulation, the Bolshevik legislature of Soviet Russia annulled the treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Although this theoretically revoked Soviet recognition of the independence of Finland, Poland, the Baltic states, and Ukraine, most of this area was either still under German occupation or de facto independent.
18 Nov 1918 Kolchak elected Supreme Ruler of White Movement and officially disbands Provisional All-Russian Government▲
Kolchak elected Supreme Ruler of White Movement and officially disbands Provisional All-Russian Government
26 Nov 1918 Allies land in Odessa▲
Allies land in Odessa
Dec 1918 Kolchak abolishes Committee of Members of Constituent Assembly (Komuch)▲
Kolchak abolishes Committee of Members of Constituent Assembly (Komuch)