Political map of Russia & the former Soviet Union 23 March 2005 (Color Revolutions): Russia viewed Western actions after the US invasion of Afghanistan with increasing concern. In 2003 the US invaded Iraq (2003 invasion of Iraq) and in 2004 NATO expanded to include seven former-Eastern Bloc countries (Vilnius Group). Meanwhile, revolutions overthrew the pro-Russian governments of Georgia (Rose Revolution), Ukraine (Orange Revolution), and Kyrgyzstan (Tulip Revolution).