Political map of Russia & the former Soviet Union 2 May 1945 (Battle of Berlin): In April, the Soviets surrounded and attacked Berlin (Battle of Berlin). On the 30th, Adolf Hitler committed suicide (Death of Adolf Hitler) and by May 2, resistance had been crushed. At the same time, the Western and Eastern Fronts met up on the Elbe. A few days later, the remaining German forces surrendered (End of World War II in Europe).    At the cost of perhaps 40 million dead, over half of them Soviet, the Second World War in Europe (World War II in Europe) was over.