Political map of Russia & the former Soviet Union 04 July 1943 (Battle of Kursk): After their defeat at Stalingrad (Battle of Stalingrad), the Germans managed to stabilize their front once again and mounted a third summer offensive. This time, they intended to surround and capture the Soviet forces at Kursk (Battle of Kursk). However, the Russians had anticipated this move and beat the Germans back with deep defenses and tank attacks.