Political map of Russia & the former Soviet Union 3 February 1919 (Soviet Russian Counter-Offensives): The end of the First World War (Armistice with Germany) had slowly led to the withdrawal of German troops. Finally free from pressure on their western front, the Soviets were able to launch counter-offensives against both the White Movement and local nationalists. In the west, they began retaking the lands they had lost at the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (Treaty of Brest-Litovsk). In the east, they pushed into Central Asia in an attempt to reunite with their isolated comrades in Turkestan (Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic).