Political map of Northern Africa 20 AD (Tacfarinas War): In the early 1st century AD Roman expansion in North Africa (Africa Proconsularis) led to conflict with the Gaetulian tribes (Gaetulian War) of Numidia. The Romans defeated the Gaetuli in 6 AD, only to face a more extensive uprising under Tacfarinas of the Musulamii eleven years later. A veteran of the Roman auxiliaries (Auxilia), Tacfarinas caused havoc across Africa Proconsularis and Mauretania (Kingdom of Mauretania) for seven years before the Romans finally managed to ambush and kill him.