Political map of Northern Africa 16 May 1908 (Consolidation of Ethiopia): By playing the European powers against one another as well as providing support to their wars in Somalia and Sudan, Emperor Menelik of Ethiopia (Menelik II) not only preserved his empire’s independence but successfully quadrupled its size between 1883 and the early 1900s (Ethiopian Empire). In 1906 Britain, France, and Italy agreed to recognize Menelik’s gains (Tripartite Treaty (1906)) and in the following years the British and Italians confirmed Ethiopia’s new borders.